Apple Bierocks

Jerri and I were introduced to bierocks by Jerri’s Aunt Hilda many years ago, when she was living in a retirement community in North Newton, Kansas. When I suggested that we go for a drive, Aunt Hilda said that she would like to stop at Gillispie Meats.

Following Aunt Hilda’s directions, Jerri, her aunt and I were soon at a small meat market on a tree-lined street in Newton, Kansas. Having lived most of my life in Wisconsin, I was familiar with small butcher shops and grocery stores with expert meat crafters who produced fine sausages, hams and bacon, but this was the first one I had encountered in Kansas.

“I want to buy some bierocks for supper,” Hilda said, “and Gillispie’s makes the best ones in Newton. Maybe in Kansas.”

I had never heard of them, and neither had Jerri. “What are bierocks?” I asked.

“They’re buns filled with meat and cabbage,” she told us. “Mennonite women brought the recipe to Kansas along with Turkey Red Wheat when Grant was President. Our family didn’t make them, so that’s why you don’t know what they are,” she told Jerri.

Aunt Hilda was a great cook and loved good food, so we took her advice and bought a half dozen bierocks. They were wonderful. I learned later that Catholic, Lutheran and Baptist women from southeast Russia also brought bierock recipes to Kansas when the great Mennonite migration occurred, so it might be more accurate to say that bierocks are a German/Russian delicacy enjoyed by Mennonites, Catholics, Lutherans, Baptists and anyone else who likes good food.

Traditional bierocks are yeast rolls stuffed with a savory mixture of meat and cabbage or sauerkraut. They are smaller than pasties, but you can always eat two. This got me thinking about how to use up some apples left over from the harvest from a friend’s tree.

What if I used a sweet dough and made bierocks filled with apples? The answer? A delicious variation on a wonderful recipe.

Here is how you can make your very own apple bierocks. They are easier to make than you might think.


4 cups chopped apples
1 tsp. lemon juice
1/3 cup granulated sugar
1/3 cup light brown sugar
3 T cornstarch
1 tsp. cinnamon
1/4 tsp. ground ginger
1/4 tsp. allspice
1/4 tsp. salt
1 3/4 cups water
1/2 tsp. vanilla
1 T butter


Peel and core four or five apples and cut them into quarters. Slice each quarter into half-inch slices and chop them into quarter-inch pieces. You should have about four cups of chopped apples in a mixing bowl. Stir a teaspoon of lemon juice into the apples.

Blend the sugars, cornstarch, spices and salt together in a small bowl.

Bring the water to a boil over moderate heat in a two-quart saucepan. Whisk the sugar mixture into the water and whisk until you have a smooth sauce. Stir in the apples, bring the mixture back to a boil, then reduce the heat and cook the apples for seven to eight minutes, stirring every minute or so. Test a piece of apple for tenderness. Done right, it will have a slight crunchiness.

Remove the pan from the heat, let it cool a minute and stir in the butter and vanilla.

Cover the pan and set the filling aside to cool. You can make it a day ahead of time and store it in the refrigerator until you are ready to make the bierocks.


1 cup water
4 tsp. yeast
1 cup milk
1/2 cup shortening
1/2 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 tsp. divided
1 1/2 tsp. salt
2 large eggs
About 7 cups all-purpose flour
1 tsp. lemon juice
1/4 tsp nutmeg
2 T butter


Bring a cup of water to lukewarm and stir in a quarter teaspoon of sugar and the yeast. Set the mixture aside while the yeast proofs. Put the shortening, the half cup of sugar and the salt into a large mixing bowl.

Heat the milk until it is steaming and pour it over the shortening, sugar and salt. When the milk has cooled to lukewarm, beat the eggs in with a fork. Using a wooden spoon, stir in two cups of flour, a cup at a time, then add the yeast and beat well to make a smooth batter. Stir in the lemon juice and nutmeg, then continue stirring in flour a cup at a time until you have a soft dough. Stir in more flour a quarter cup at a time until you have a workable dough that pulls away from the sides of the bowl.

Turn the dough onto a floured work surface and knead it for three to five minutes until you have a satiny smooth dough. Be careful not to knead too long, or you will incorporate too much flour into the dough. Form the dough into a ball.

Grease the mixing bowl with shortening or non-stick spray and turn the ball of dough in the bowl until it is lightly covered with grease. Cover the bowl with a damp towel, set it in a warm place and allow the dough to rise until it has doubled in size.

Deflate the risen dough and turn it out on a floured surface. Knead it gently for a few seconds, then divide it in half. Return half to the bowl and cover it with the towel. Shape the other half into a log about two inches in diameter and cut it into nine equal pieces.

Roll the pieces into balls and let them rest while you preheat the oven to 350º and line a baking sheet with parchment paper dusted lightly with flour. Melt the butter in a small dish. Blend a half teaspoon of cinnamon into a couple tablespoons of granulated sugar to garnish the bierocks before you put them into the oven.

Form the bierocks by flattening the balls on the floured surface and pressing the dough into a circle. Use a rolling pin to roll the dough into circles seven inches in diameter. Put about a quarter cup of filling in the center of the circle. Bring two sides of the circle high over the filling. Pinch them together, then do the same with the other two sides. Pat the seams together and put the bierock seam side down on the baking sheet.

Brush the tops of the bierocks with melted butter and sprinkle them with cinnamon sugar. Bake them on a center shelf in the preheated oven for twenty-two to twenty-four minutes until they are golden brown. Let them cool at least ten minutes before serving, as the filling is very hot when the bierocks come from the oven. Follow the same steps for the rest of the dough.

Jerri’s Holiday Cookies

Christmas was cookie time when I was growing up. Actually, there were always cookies in the Rang household, but Mom made extra batches of cookies for the holidays, so I think of that season as cookie time.

Starting in early December, she made oatmeal raisin cookies, peanut butter cookies, Grandma Rang’s date cookies, Grandma Hopp’s gingerbread cookies , sugar cookies, and spritz cookies. There were others I’m sure, but mostly I just remember that there was never a shortage of cookies in the house, and there were more choices around Christmas than at any other time in the year.

Today Jerri and I bake most of our cookies around the holidays. One of our favorites is made with a recipe using yeast dough that Jerri found a long time ago. We like these cookies because they are not overly sweet and have a wonderful yeasty flavor.

Jerri has made them many times for the Christmas holidays. This recipe is great for introducing young children to the joy of cooking and turning them into creative bakers. They can help by shaping the dough into candy canes, snakes, snowmen, cats, Christmas trees and lots of other things you may have never heard of.

Usually I think of cookies as a dessert for lunch or dinner, but these holiday cookies are great for topping off a breakfast too.


For the dough:

4 tsp. active dry yeast
1/2 cup warm water
1/3 cup sugar
1 tsp. salt
3 cups sifted all-purpose flour
2 eggs at room temperature
1/3 cup softened shortening or butter

For the fruit and nut mixture:

1/4 cup chopped walnuts
1/2 cup chopped mixed fruitcake fruit
1/2 cup sugar.

Put a pinch of sugar into the warm water in a cup. Stir in the yeast and let stand a
few minutes until it begins to foam.

Measure the sugar and salt into a mixing bowl, and add the yeast mixture. Mix in half of the flour and beat until smooth. Beat the eggs in a small bowl until they are lemon colored. Stir the shortening and eggs into the batter.

Mix in the rest of the flour one or two tablespoonfuls at a time until it is well blended. Scrape down the dough from the sides of bowl, cover the bowl with a damp towel and let the dough rise in a warm place until it has doubled in size. This can take anywhere from thirty minutes to over an hour, depending on the temperature.

While the dough is rising, chop the nuts and fruit very fine, ideally into a 1/8 inch dice. Mix the fruit and nuts with the sugar in a shallow pan and set it aside. Preheat the oven to 375º.

If you have some young helpers, this is a good time for a lesson in handwashing.

After the dough has risen, drop it by heaping teaspoonfuls into the fruit mixture. You can drop in 3 or 4 spoonfuls at a time. Take each piece in your hands and work in some of the fruits and nuts, then stretch the dough into pencil-like strips. Shape it into snails, twists, candy canes, knots, or figure 8’s.

Place the shapes on lightly greased baking sheets and let them stand ten to twelve minutes. Set the pans on the middle rack in the oven and bake 10 to 15 minutes, or until golden brown. Remove the cookies from the oven and cool them on a rack. You will have two dozen large or four dozen small cookies.